The highest number of displaced people are from Syria, 12 million people from Syria were displaced last year. 5.5 million people ended up being displaced in other countries, 6.3 million were displaced internally while 185,000 sought asylum elsewhere. In colombia, 7.7 million people were displaced, most of the people were displaced within Colombia. Afghanistan had the third highest number of displaced people where 4.7 million were displaced. Out of the 4.7 million, 1.8 million were displaced internally while 2.9 million were displaced in other countries.

2014 recorded the highest number of displaced people since the year 2013.

The Syrian war

The Syrian war began in 2011 and was part of the Arab Spring Protests. According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, more that 320,000 people have been killed since the conflict began. The current government is fighting against the free Syrian army, ISIS, the Syrian Democratic Forces and Salafi jihadist groups. The result of the conflict was diseases as a result of poor sanitation and the lack of water. Human rights organizations have accused rebels as well as the government of committing Human Rights Violations. Continued airstrikes in the main towns have also caused an increase in refugees from the country.

Colombian conflict

The Colombian conflict started in May 1964. It began as a dispute between the government of Colombia, guerrilla fighters, and crime syndicates. More than 210,000 have been killed since the conflict began. The revolutionary armed forces of Colombia or FARC and other rebels claim to be fighting for the rights of the poor in some regions while the government accuses them of drug trafficking, human rights violations, and terrorism.

War in Afganistan

The war in Afganistan started in 2001 after the United States invaded the country with the aims of dismantling al-Qaeda and capturing Osama Bin Laden. About 25,000 people have been killed so far. Insurgency by Islamic militants in the country increased after the U.S began to withdraw its troops by the end of the year 2014.

Current global immigration situation

The U.N report states that many people continue to risk their lives as they cross deserts and the Mediterranean sea. Countries such as Germany has also witnessed a high number of Asylum-seekers. Turkey also continues to host a large number of refugees. There are currently 2.6 million refugees mainly from Syria being hosted in Turkey. Solutions currently being offered by the U.N to the refugee population is voluntary repatriations where refugees are taken back to their countries of origin, resettlement were willing developing countries take in a certain number of refugees and grant them permanent residency as well as local integration where refugees are integrated into local communities where they currently reside.