On Monday, the Supreme Court is going to proceed its work a year after the death of Justice Antonin Scalia, the New York Times reported. It will play the central role in the US life.

The Supreme Court's aims for the new term

The court prosecutors will look into major cases connected with sharp conflicts, like political gerrymandering, workers’ rights issues, and principles of privacy when mobile phones can record our any actions. Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg noted the main feature of the upcoming term: “It will be momentous.”

Justice Neil M. Gorsuch took the seat of Justice Scalia in April.

Justice Anthony M. Kennedy is 81, and he is going to retire soon.

The main topics for the hearings

In November, The Supreme Court is going to begin the second hearing on voting rights, as Ohio tries to cull its voting rolls. According to the federal law, states are prohibited from removing residents from the rolls “by reason of the person’s failure to vote.” Ohio removes people from the rolls who do not take part in voting for six years.

The court will look into the case with a Colorado baker. The man refused to make a cake for a gay wedding, explaining that he had a right to free speech and did not want to go against his Christian faith. His business was open to the public, so the service should not be based on sexual orientation or religious freedom.

Members of the LGBT community legally deserve equal treatment from businesses. Two years ago, the court signed a constitutional right in favor of gay rights and same-sex marriage.

On October 2, the court will start a hearing about arbitration clauses used by companies in employment contracts. The clauses prohibit workers from taking joint legal actions over the issues at work.

According to the National Labor Relations Act, workers should be protected to take “concerted activities.” The Obama administration stood for workers' interests, while the current Trump administration is intended to protect the rights of the employers. After Justice Scalia's death, the case got a break, but now government workers have an opportunity to choose whether to pay for collective bargaining.

The most important case of this term will be the hearing based on the privacy of location data, collected by cellphone companies. The court prohibited officials from using GPS devices to track the suspects, as such actions require a warrant.

The court will possibly revise a fundamental Fourth Amendment principle: people cannot expect privacy when their personal information is sent to a phone company.