The report "State of the Climate" conducted by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in the US, presented the current state of the planet. The long-term climate change, associated with the phenomenon called El Nino from 2015 are exceeding any records certified in documents, according to descopera.ro

Thomas Karl, the director of the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) stated that not only the planet's temperature has increased, but all the effects of the high temperatures are real. In 2015, the greenhouse effect, the rise of the Earth's surface temperature, of the oceans, exceeded all the previous records, writes descopera.ro

The future could be dark

The report was conducted by 456 coauthors from 62 countries.

The researchers warned in this report that the carbon emissions must be stopped immediately because the planet's future could be grim. 2015 easily surpassed the record set in 2014, due to Global warming in the long term and the well known phenomenon named El Nino. El Nino is a phenomenon represented by the unnatural warming of the water from the surface of the equatorial Pacific, a phenomenon capable of changing weather around the globe.

Record global warming

In 2015, the Earth suffered from a melting of the glaciers and the snow cover, and the effects were felt by the animals and the arctic fish species.  In 2015 the records of the cyclone season, of the  excessive floods, of the droughts and the wildfires were also exceeded. Deke Arndt, the co-editor of the report  thinks that last year "it was the time to call a doctor"

Michael Mann, a researcher at the University of Pennsylvania, stated that the calculations made indicate the fact that the year 2015 would have been a record in terms of heat even without the involvement of El Nino, which often increases the local temperature by 0.15 Celsius degrees.

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The researcher added that the rise of tides combined with the ocean's individual waves have inevitably caused the flooding of the coasts and the rise of the population combined with the fluctuations associated with the El Nino phenomenon have caused global temperatures to exceed the record over time.

The researcher also said that the temperature will continue to rise and some consequences of El Nino  - such as intense drought and its effect on the ecosystem - can be permanent consequences.