The sporting world was rocked Monday upon the release of a detailed report commissioned by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), where arbitrator Richard McLaren confirmed a doping scheme that ran for at least four years and saw over 300 positive tests not get reported. This comes just weeks before the 2016 Summer Olympics will be opening in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and could result in a provisional, or blanket ban for the Russian Olympic team, marking their first potential absence from the Olympics since their boycott of the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles.

Mind-blowing level of corruption only scratches the surface.

In a statement made Monday, U.S. Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) Chief Executive Travis Tygart referred to the McLaren report as one that exposed “a mind-blowing level of corruption within both Russian sport and government.” His sentiments were shared by several other world sporting officials,with many calling for the Russian Olympic team's ban from the upcoming Rio Olympics.

A good number of the 312 positive tests covering 30 summer and winter sports detailed in the McLaren report took place in the run-up to the 2012 London Olympicsand the 2014 Sochi Olympics. The Canadian arbitrator said that the 57-day investigation had merely “skimmed the surface,” and if he had more time to complete his probe, there may have been more withheld test results confirmed.

Doping cover-ups most rampant in track and field, weightlifting.

According to the McLaren report, he was given access to 577 positive test samples, and out of these samples, 312 were given the “Save” designation by lab workers, meaning the tests were not to be reported as positives. More than 80 percent of the Saves – 250 out of 312 – were for the sports of track and field and weightlifting, but the withheld test results also covered some rather unlikely sports, such as table tennis.

WADA wants swift and brutal justice for Russian Olympic team.

In the aftermath of the report, WADA has called for the International Olympic Committee to ban the entireRussian Olympic team from the 2016 Rio Olympics, which kick off on August 5. And with the IOC executive board scheduled to meet Tuesday to mull over possible punishments for the Russian team, IOC president Thomas Bach has been quoted as saying that the committee won’t be afraid to mete the harshest punishment it could.

While Bach’s quotes suggest that the IOC won’t hesitate to impose a provisional ban, such a punishment is far from guaranteed at this point. Russia is, after all, one of the IOC’s strongest supporters, having spent over $50 billion to host the Sochi Olympics in its home turf two years ago. And there’s also the possibility of other organizations applying pressure on the committee to impose a less restrictive punishment.

“The right to participate at the games cannot be stolen from an athlete, who has duly qualified and has not been found guilty of doping,” said Federation Internationale de Gymnastique (FIG) president Bruno Grandi in a statement, adding that provisional bans “have never been, and will never be” a fair form of punishment.

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