On December 17th, over 50 soldiers were killed by a suicide bomber at a Yemeni military base in Aden. Many others were injured and were transported to hospitals. This was the second attack of the month: another 48 soldiers were killed by another ISIS attack on the same base. The suicide bomber gained access to the Al Solban military base because he was dressed as a soldier. Although both terrorist groups, Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) and ISIS have carried out attacks, ISIS is the sole perpetrator in these two instances. These attacks are presumed to be linked to the ongoing Yemeni Conflict.

Yemeni Civil War

The religious-political group, the Houthis, boycotted the single-candidate election of Yemeni president Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi in 2012. Two years later, after a brief battle with the Yemen army, Houthi forces took control of the capital, Sana’a. In 2015, unhappy with a proposal by their president to divide the nation into six regions, the Houthis moved in on the compound of the president in Sana’a. This was a move to force the resignation of Hadi and his ministers.

The Houthi Revolutionary Committee took control of the nation, after the dissolving of parliament. Hadi then escaped to the southern city of Aden. While in Aden, Hadi made an announcement that he was the constitutional president of Yemen, and the takeover by the Houthis was unsanctioned and illegitimate.

The Yemeni crisis was strengthened by the conflict between the Houthis and the Sunni-led government. Because of the religious weight of the Sunni-government, AQAP and ISIS, who are both Sunni terror groups, have been involved. Both terror groups have carried out attacks, and the AQAP controls hinterland territories, as well as some of the coast.

Aside from the intervening of the terror groups, the Yemeni civil war remains a conflict between the Houthis, who are being backed by the loyal forces of former president, Ali Abdullah Saleh, against the current constitutional president, Hadi.

Humanitarian concerns

Approximately 10 million Yemenis have been deprived of food, water, and electricity due to the conflict.

Children are being killed as well as being recruited to be loyal soldiers. The U.N. has provided services and emergency aid to civilians who are affected by the civil war, but the conflict continues.

In one week, over 90 Yemeni soldiers were killed by terror attacks on their military base. The victims of the attack on December 17th were waiting to receive their salaries. With the continuation of the conflict in Yemen, it is likely that more people will be killed and injured, and more civilians and children will suffer.

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