Two different studies have shown that the sexually transmitted disease, gonorrhea as well as the disease scarlet fever are becoming antibiotic resistant. U.S. health officials said gonorrhea’s issues with antibiotic resistant strains increased in 2014, and some strains of the bacteria that causes scarlet fever have also become more antibiotic resistant than in the past.

Some gonorrhea strains showing antibiotic resistant tendencies

Dr. Robert Kirkcaldy is the lead author on the study on resistant strains of gonorrhea at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) division of STD prevention in Atlanta, Georgia.

He stressed that the monitoring of antimicrobial vulnerability and resistance patterns regarding the antibiotics currently employed to fight gonorrhea must continue.

For instance, according to the 2012 guidelines for choosing an antibiotic to treat gonorrhea, the antibiotic Cefixime should only be used when a ceftriaxone-based combo treatment isn’t possible. This is because gonorrhea has become less receptive to Cefixime, although it was notedthat its vulnerability to the drug has been improving slightly since 2014.

Scarlet Fever cases may be making comeback, more resistant to treatment

Scarlet fever, which is a bacterial infection, caused by A. streptococcus bacteria, that leads to symptoms like sore throat, red rash, fever, nausea and headaches, and is usually seen in children five to 12 years old. The disease appears to be making a comeback, say Australian researchers from the University of Queensland.

The study revealed a 10-fold increase in scarlet fever cases in Hong Kong with 5,000 cases, as well as over 100,000 cases seen in China, and 12,000 cases in the UK in the past few years.

Besides the higher number of scarlet fever cases, the study also revealed an increase in the bacteria’s resistance to certain kinds of antibiotics.

These included medications like tetracycline, clindamycin, and erythromycin not being as effective to treat scarlet fever as they were in the past, although penicillin still appears to work well. Researchers, however, were concerned that in time this infectious disease could also become resistant to penicillin or other antibiotics normally chosen to treat respiratory tract type of diseases.

Study of antibiotics, diseases must be followed in future

These two studies have shown some of the information regarding how certain common diseases are starting to become more resistant to the usual medications and treatment protocols. This is why it is necessary to only prescribe antibiotics when they are actually needed. The more bacteria are exposed to antibiotics the more prone they are to build up a resistance. Limiting over-prescribing and overuse of antibiotic agents will help stop bacteria from becoming antibiotic resistant.

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