This study on diabetes was primarily conducted by Andy Menke and Sarah Casagrande of Social & Scientific Systems Inc. in Silver Spring, Maryland, Catherine C. Cowie of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, also Linda Geiss at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

The Details of this Study on Diabetes

The data is from the year 2012, which reflected that almost 14% of U.S. Adults had diabetes. Nearly 40% had pre-diabetes. With pre-diabetes, the blood sugar level is higher than normal, but not enough to be considered type 2 diabetes.

However, without lifestyle and dietary changes those who have pre-diabetes may become type 2 diabetics. This study spanned nearly a twenty-five year period between 1988 and 2012. The disturbing part was that there was an increase of nearly 27% between those years of the adult diabetic and pre-diabetic population. One of the biggest causes was determined to be obesity. Additionally, these statistics may be incomplete as the Asian-American medical data tends to be under reported due to health care access issues.

The Problems Caused by Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes can lead to a variety of other problems. It can cause problems with various parts of the body such as eyes, heart, and kidney. It can delay wound healing.

Recent research has suggested that it can also cause neurological problems such as neuropathy in the hands and feet. Moreover, once the disease sets in it is difficult to get rid of it. The national cost of this disease is about a quarter of billion dollars. This study on diabetes also set out to learn if there is a prevalence for the disease over another.

Generally, it was found that African Americans had the highest rates. It was also discovered that Asians and Hispanics had the highest incidence of undiagnosed diabetes.

The Good News and the Way Forward

This study was published in the Journal of American Medical Association, and although some of the findings are alarming, there was some good News along with it, as well.

The number of undiagnosed diabetes fell by nearly a quarter. A lot of research is being done on type 2 diabetes in recent years, so there is a lot of progress being made in this area. If you are a pre-diabetic, it is very important that you make lifestyle and dietary changes in consultation with your physician. There are better and better ways to control diabetes if you are already a diabetic. This study on diabetes accentuates the need for Americans to make healthy lifestyle changes.

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