After summer, we begin to hear about school physicals and Immunizations for the kids, but our children the only ones who need protective shots? The CDC states that many adults have not received or have kept up with boosters of major vaccines It’s just something we don’t think about and not always reminded of. The flu vaccine seems to be the only one that is advertised each year as a preventative to the upcoming cold and flu season. But do you know what other immunizations are needed to arm yourself again infection and illness? Below is a simple guide.

Influenza Vaccine

Starting with the annual flu vaccine, adults and especially anyone with a chronic medical condition such as asthma or diabetes should get in line for this inoculation.

We all know the flu is a highly contagious respiratory virus that knocks people off their feet each year. Plus it can be deadly in elderly people and others with compromised immune systems. Starting in the fall, usually around October before flu season is in full swing, is the time to go for this vaccine. This preventative is usually administered by a shot, or if you are healthy and between the ages of 5 and 49, there is a nasal spray version. With this immunization, you must get a new one each year as different strains of influenza are predetermined and included in the vaccine.

Pneumococcal Vaccine

Pneumococcal disease causes pneumonia and meningitis, a brain and spinal cord disease. Together they claim many lives in the United States each year and unfortunately this disease is becoming resistant to commonly used antibiotics, making treatment extremely difficult and showing that taking this immunization is that much more important.

People over 65 or older will need a vaccine if you have never been vaccinated. Though a booster may be in order for those with chronic illnesses or those who received the vaccine younger than 65 at the time of the primary vaccination.


The bacteria responsible for tetanus, a disease of the nervous system, are found in soil and plants.

Contrary to belief, you don’t have to step on a rusty nail to get sick. Tetanus which can lead to lockjaw and death has been associated with even clean wounds. The booster also protects again diphtheria, an acute bacterial disease that can cause breathing problems, heart failure, paralysis and even loss of life.

It is usually spread through coughing and sneezing. So, every adult who enjoys gardening and the outdoors is vulnerable to tetanus. If you had the initial three doses as a child, adults will need a one-dose booster every 10 years.

Shingles (Zoster)

Getting the shingles is a painful skin and nerve infection that strikes people who have had chickenpox, which is part of the same virus. There is now a vaccine, which may help prevent the disease or at least lessen the severity of the virus. This vaccine is given to adults over the age of 60.

Hepatitis A and B

A person may need this vaccine if they show risk factors for this infectious disease or simply want to be protected. Check with your doctor about this inoculation which are given in multiple doses spread out usually over a 6-18 month period.

Use this article as a guide and discuss these vaccines with your doctor at your next physical. Even though we are adults now, doesn’t mean we are immune to infections and viruses that lurk the country. Better safe than sorry is an important motto!

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