Egypt's population exceeds 89 million people, according to government statistics revealed on the occasion of the celebration of World Population Day, July 11th of each year. The Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics announced the expected arrival of Egypt's population at home to 89,110 million people, according to estimates by the device. The celebration of World Population Day began in 1987 when the world population reached five billion people, in order to draw attention to the issues of population growth, health, education and poverty reduction.
The census conducted by the Egyptian government apparatus shows that the number of people living in Egypt increased from 72.8 million people in 2006, the last census, to 76.1 million people in the beginning of 2009 to reach about 88 million people at the beginning of 2015, an increase of of 15.2 million, and the ratio of male to female being 51% to 49%, respectively..
The official statistics also pointed out that Cairo is the largest city in terms of population, with a population of about 9.3 million people, while South Sinai came as city with the lowest number in the provinces where the population reached 167 thousand people, in the first of January 2015. They added that the Egyptian society is composed by "young men", where the age group below 15 years old constitutes one-third of the population by 31.3%. The estimated proportion of the population of seniors 65 years and over was only 4.3% at the beginning of 2015. The proportion of urban population amounted to about 43%, while the ratio of the rural population is 57%.
Government statistics showed that the average life expectancy for males increased from 66.5 years in 2006 to 70.1 years in 2015, and for females from 69.1 years in 2006 to 72.9 years in 2015, in addition to the high birth rate of 25.7 live births per thousand people in 2006 to 31.3 live births per thousand people in 2014. On the other hand, the death rate dropped slightly from 6.3 deaths per thousand of the population in 2006 to 6.1 deaths per thousand of the population in 2014.