Everyone knows that #HIV/#AIDS is a global disease and anybody can catch it. The world remembers the epidemic of HIV/AIDS since it's first discovery in 1983 and the rapid spread of the virus globally. HIV remains everyone's business because anyone can catch it and most times patients are asymptomatic till the disease progresses to full blown AIDS.
History of HIV and what we need to know
HIV/AIDS is believed to have originated chiefly in the 1980's although some data suggest it originated in the 1970's by a transmission from chimpanzees to humans. However, the disease arose suspicion when five previously healthy gay men in Los Angeles showed signed of a rare lung cancer called PCP. Also, during this period some other gay men showed signs of infectious rare skin cancer called Kaposi's Sarcoma. By this period it was already an epidemic. And so, many believed from then that many new infections began with patient zero and all who have had contact with those who he has had contact.
How is HIV/AIDS spread
HIV/AIDS is spread through the following ways:
- Unprotected sexual intercourse with an infected person
- From infected mother to child during or before childbirth
- Sharing needles or other drug objects which infected people have used
- From infected blood during blood transfusion
- From contact with bodily fluids on open membrane or skin
How is HIV not spread
- Kissing people that are infected
- Touching and holding hands
- Sharing cups or other cutlery
- Sharing utensils
- Sharing towels
How can one prevent HIV/AIDS
The best way to prevent HIV/AIDS is by using condoms for every sexual activity. if you are sexually active it is very advisable to go for regular check ups and test to know your status. Also, people should know what transmits HIV/AIDS and what does not. Opting for safer sex practices is vital in protecting oneself. You can also go to Medical centers and ask for PrEP or Truvada to prevent a possible HIV transmission. PrEP is 92% effective if used constantly and accurately or timely.
What if one is already infected
HIV is no longer the death sentence it was 10-20 years ago and as a result, people living with the infection are expected to go for regular check ups and take their Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) drugs constantly. Everything boils down to getting tested regularly. Everyone should get tested.
What if I was raped
If you were raped call the nearest medical emergency line and ask for PEP to prevent a possible infection. This should be done within 72 hours.