#Cuba mourns its leader Fidel Castro. American imperial interests in Cuba brought the world closer to nuclear exchange than ever before, in the near apocalyptic showdown with the Soviet Union known as the Cuban Missile Crisis. What brought us to the brink of no return? Many would argue it was the repeated attempts of the US to overthrow the Cuban Revolution. The Cuban peasant population, led by legendary revolutionary Ernesto Che Guevara, successfully defeated the US backed Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista Zaldivar. The Cuban Revolution would install a different regime.

Successful resistance

Cuban success the US could not tolerate. Castro survived 638 assassination attempts. There was collusion between the CIA and the American Mafia in the attempts. The 1975 Church Committee hearings revealed that those involved concocted the concept of “plausible deniability” because the US is a signatory to the United Nations Charter which expressly forbids political assassinations. In 1961 the US Central Intelligence Agency (C.I.A.) engaged in the failed “Bay of Pigs Invasion”, an attempt to overthrow the Cuban government. US nuclear armament in Turkey and Italy threatened the Soviets. The Soviets agreed to Cuba's request to build nuclear missiles in Cuba as a deterrent.

Cuban support

That was nearly the end of the world. Cooler heads prevailed and we live to write about these frightening events today. But the fascists of global capital, when they cannot discipline a people militarily, they will do so economically. Thus explains the US embargo on Cuba. “How dare they!” they must have thought, as Cuba nationalized its oil refineries with no compensation to its former master the United States. The Cuban people are descended from the indigenous Taino nation. It is for this reason that the Cuban government was so sympathetic to the struggle of indigenous peoples for self-determination.

Mad Bear

Revolutionary Tuscarora leader Wallace "Mad Bear" Anderson of the Tuscarora nation was among them. Mad Bear was on a journey with Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) Chiefs. They stopped in what the settler colonialists today call North Carolina. There Mad Bear met the half of the Tuscarora nation that remains in the original homeland. He established a traditional longhouse for them at the community of Prospect, and according to local legend, was preparing to take wampum shells (used in traditional indigenous political discourse) to the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) Grand Council on their behalf.

Buffalo Tiger

The journey would continue, they would meet indigenous peoples struggling for freedom in what the settler colonialists call Florida. They, and Seminole Chief Buffalo Tiger, would find their way to revolutionary Cuba. Tiger was successful in getting the Cuban government to recognize his nation in an official document, written and signed on a white deer skin. Tiger successfully played the Cold War powers against one another to get the US to recognize his nation. Unfortunately, the Skarure' Kahtenu'aka (Tuscarora – People of the Cypress nation) continue their struggle for self-determination to this day. Another people to successfully defy the US is the Oceti Sakowin (Sioux Nation).

Oceti Sakowin

The Sioux Nation confronted US pretensions in their territory as early as the Lewis and Clark expedition. The Sioux Nation repeatedly defeated the US in the US backed genocidal 19th Century Indian wars. Resulting in the two Ft. Laramie treaties, which are unconditional surrenders and total concessions of the US to the Sioux Nation. For their success, the US reserved its greatest violence for the Sioux. From the massacre of 300 at Wounded Knee in 1890, to the brutality of the US at the Wounded Knee standoff in 1973, to the present #Police Brutality daily committed against the water protectors at Standing Rock. If the Cuban Revolution says anything, resistance is never futile, so long as it is sustained. Stand with Standing Rock against #Climate Change, a greater danger than nuclear war.