According to the American Gastroenterological Association, IBS is defined as a common disorder of the intestines, which causes a range of symptoms. It is estimated that about 35 million Americans are affected by IBS and as of yet no definitive cure has been found for the disease.

What are the symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome?

IBS has many different symptoms and for this reason, it can initially be difficult to diagnose. Symptoms include #Abdominal Pain, gas, bloating, changes in bowel habits, constipation and diarrhoea. According to the NHS, people who suffer from these symptoms will also see the emergence of other symptoms such as a lack of energy, back pain, pain during sex, bladder problems and incontinence.

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IBS also has massive effect on individuals' mental health. The disease is difficult to manage and often leads to anxiety and depression. Symptoms occur most frequently after eating but also tend to occur randomly in episodes. Stress is a major factor is aggravating flare-ups.

The treatment for IBS varies from person to person. Each individuals system is different and this is why the disease is so hard to control. Doctors often suggest elimination diets and a course of medication for the disease but many times patients are left suffering from symptoms out of their control.

Researchers in Ireland think they have finally found a solution to IBS

A 10-year study has been ongoing in University College Cork in Ireland where scientists have been trying to find ways of tackling IBS. Professors John Cyran and Ted Dinan have been carrying out this research at the Microbiome Institute.

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What they have discovered is that mice have gut bacteria, which plays a huge role in tackling abdominal pain. This has led to the conformation that the bacteria in the gut plays a huge role in IBS symptoms.

The professors have stated, that by targeting this gut bacteria, sufferers can be alieved of one of the most crippling symptoms of the disease. The microbiota, the 100 trillion bacteria in the gut, play a significant role in many bodily processes such as immune responses, nutrient absorption, metabolism and digestion. The hope is by correctly treating this bacteria the pain experienced by sufferers will be eliminated.

This study is due to be published in the scientific journal eLife within the next few days. To sufferers of IBS, this is hopeful news in their ongoing management of the disease and symptoms.